|Created by||Vinson Ngo (story, art, line art) |
|Published by||Snafu Comics|
|Original Run||January 2004 - Ongoing|
|Extra||Video Game: Battle in Megaville|
Powerpuff Girls Doujinshi (also known as Powerpuff Girls D or PPGD) is a manga-styled fancomic drawn by Vincent Ngo, commonly known as Bleedman, and is hosted by Snafu Comics. Till' chapter 7 Bleedman mostly did all the work himself. From Chapter 7, BeeAre helped with the story and Seiryuga with colors. But since Chapter 8 Seiryuga stopped, probably because of his own projects.
The comic is a crossover of sorts based on the TV show: The Powerpuff Girls, though finding Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup slightly older and now going to school in a fictional, neighboring city of Townsville known as Megaville. Here, the girls meet various other characters of different Cartoon Network and Nickelodeon animated programs such as Dexter's Laboratory, Time Squad, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, Megas XLR, Invader Zim, My Life as a Teenage Robot, Samurai Jack, Courage the Cowardly Dog. However, evil forces soon set their sights on the girls, which will no doubt lead to conflicts as the comic progresses.
While PPG Doujinshi includes many familiar characters (drawn anime-style), the comic also sports a slew of original characters, the most noticeable being Bell, a supposed Powerpuff Girl dressed in white who works for the villains.
The comic is known to be much darker in tone than the cartoons on which it is based.
Powerpuff Girls Doujinshi was updated regularly on Sundays until recently when the artist began to work on his related comic, The Adventures of Grim Jr. and Minnie Mandy, and updates won't begin again until that comic's current arc is completed. It is very fan-oriented, with several artists and writers influencing the work of the creator.
The comic was the "Outstanding Superhero Comic" and "Outstanding Character" winner on the Web Cartoonist's Choice Awards in 2005.
The story focuses on the Powerpuff Girls (Blossom, Bubbles, Buttercup) being transfered to a new school in Megaville. There, they made friends with several other students, including a boy named Dexter. However an evil organization the Cluster plans to take over the world by allying with Dr. X and his daughter Bell.
The Powerpuff Girls moved along with Professor Utonium to Megaville. At first the girls didn't like that they moved to a new city and had to met new people. The girls went to a new school, where when the teacher asks them introduce themselves, they talk about their abilities. Nobody in class believes them, and everybody - except Dexter start laughing at them. During recess, Dexter walks up to them and apologizes on behalf of the rest of the class. He tells them he believes them about their powers, saying that its because he is a superhero himself, and asks for proof. Buttercup scoffs at his claim, and they fight to prove what each said. Buttercup first think he is easy to beat but it turns out that Dexter has a metal aran in his backpack. At first he defeats Buttercup but Blossom and Bubbles join the fight. After Dexter defeats them again, the gym teacher Sensei Jack commands them to stop and takes them to the School's Dojo, while Bell and Dr. X watch them from the top of a building.
After Jack had a talk with them he decided to leave them over to Dexter. Bubbles then also met her new friend Courage. Jack explained to her that he got him from a nice old lady who asked if he could take care of him since he was badly wounded, but she never came back to pick him up. Bubbles was along with Courage outside playing when suddenly the Dread Dragon appeared from nowhere and attacked her while Courage went to the others to call for help. Blossom, Buttercup and Dexter fight him but he is too stong, eventually Jack comes to save them. After his defeat Mojo Jojo seems to have been watching the fight. When he wants to leave he is encountered by Bell and she took him with her to their hideout.
Meanwhile somewhere in Nevada, Jenny (aka XJ-9) was battling against the Rowdyruff Boys but lost when Butch pulled her arm off. Jenny's mother Nora came to her and told to Dr. Brisbaine that it was supossed to be a simulation and not a slaughter. Dr. Brisbaine commented that he had a miscalculation. He said to Boomer that he was in the "clouds" again and said to Weasel to have the report by his desk the next morning. Brick knew that Boomer was thinking about the Powerpuff Girls again and said that he should focus on the operation. Back at the Megaville Elementary the girls were walking through the hallways and two fan-girls named Tootie and Suzy encountered Buttercup and reacted on her superhero powers. After they were gone Blossom had another encounter with Dexter, and Bubbles also became "friends" with Mandy. Meanwhile in the lab of Nora she was trying to fix XJ-9 again with the help of Sheldon who knew very much about robots and also was very in love with Jenny, to Jenny's dislike. Meanwhile Mojo Jojo was brought to the home of Bell. He encountered the Irken Zim and his puppy disguised dog GIR, who at first seemed to be their leader but turned out to just be a maid. Mojo Jojo had also met with Dr. X, Samantha and the Darkstar Council. Dr. X explained to Mojo that they were planning to take over the Earth but had some obstacles including their most giant threat the Powerpuff Girls. He said that Mojo now is a servant of him and he is trying to seek other people like him and took Mandark as an example. Mandark was spying on Dexter and discovered that he had began a relationship with Blossom.
Blossom and Dexter were in the library studying. Dexter left and went to his secret lab inside the school, but was followed by Blossom. When she was inside of the lab she saw a dead girl haning in the lab and first mistaken her for Bubbles but when she looked closely she saw it wasn't her. Dexter came and told her she shouldn't be here and kicked her out of his lab. Blossom searched for Otto and told him what she saw in Dexter's lab. Otto told her that it was just an android but also an except replica of Dexter's older sister Dee Dee. He took Blossom with him through time to let her show the past of Dexter. Otto told her that Dee Dee was very annoying and constantly destoryed Dexter's lab. But that was just a normal brother-sister relation. Dee Dee also took Dexter sometimes with her to talk about nature. Once of those times Dee Dee said to Dexter that if she dies that he shouldn't try to bring her back. Then on another day when Dee Dee sneaked inside of Dexter's lab Mandark broke in along with his Jackbots. They began to battle until one of the Jackbots fired a laser towards Dexter and Dee Dee tried to save Dexter by jumping in front of it. When that happened Dee Dee was dead and Mandark retreat, much to the horror of Blossom. There was a funeral for Dee Dee and her Mom and Dad came so as her two best Friends Lee Lee and Mee Mee, while Dee Dee was watching when she was being guided away by the Grim Reaper. Dexter couldn't accept that his sister was dead and began to make an android of her. But he wanted to make that android as human as possible so he used real human organs in the android. Suddenly Dexter heared voices of Dee Dee about the promise they made. Dexter quickly fleed and went to her grave where also Mandark was (who also was in love with Dee Dee). When he saw him Dexter pulled his knife and tried to kill Madark for what he had done to Dee Dee. When she was back in the normal time she encountered her sister and hugged them, Buttercup reacted angrily and reacted it towards Otto.
Blossom was gone outside and sat at a tree when suddenly she was encountered by Bell and GIR, who began to fight with her. Eventually some Cluster robots came along with Mandark and thay kidnapped her. Meanwhile Otto was at home eating with Larry and Buck, who saw that there was something up with him. Otto told it was about Blossom, but Buck and Larry thought immidiatly that he was in love with her so he couldn't explain anything. Dexter was in Dreamland where he dreamed about Blossom, with also Cosmo and Wanda appearing in his dream. But he awakend when Otto called him to say he got a message from Mandark that said that he had Blossom. Dexter ordered Otto to go to her sisters while he goes to save Blossom. Dexter went in the Megas along with Coop towards the lab of Mandark. When they were there Dexter uploaded the moves from Dee Dee on the Megas to distract Mandark with those moves but it didn't work. Dexter went inside the lab while Coop stayed there to battle Samantha in her Megabee. While Dexter was breaking inside Mandark's lab, Dr. X had a discussion with Zim about Mandark. Dr. X explained Zim the past of Mandark that he was grown up with hippie parents but he himself liked science much more. Dexter became his arch rival since he always made fun out of him. After he had killed Dee Dee he went into a depression until Bell came to him to take him with her and get a better life. Dr. X raised Mandark like he was his own son and Bell saw him as her big brother.
Meanwhile Mandark was in his lab and put Blossom into a coffin that filled itself with water so she would drown. Dexter broke in and the great battle between him and Mandark began. After beating Mandark, Dexter freed Blossom but he was already to late, Blossom was dead. Grim was ready to take Blossom with him but the spirit of Dee Dee asked him if he could let Blossom live so he did. Meanwhile outside the battle between Coop and Samantha seemed to be ended when the Megas slammed the Megabee down. But Samantha was on the Megas and broke in and was about to kill Coop until suddenly Buttercup came along with Otto and sucker punched her. One of the Darkstar Councils came and took Samantha with him so she couldn't cause more chaos. When Blossom was revived Dexter had a talk with Mandark about the murder on his sister. Dexter said that he couldn't care since he hasn't have a sister, but Mandark says he has and that she is called Olga. He told Dexter about her and became mad and thought that Dexter was going to try to kill his sister. So Mandark called a giant Cluster to battle Dexter. The Cluster grabbed Dexter and he became unconsious, and couldn't escape. Then Buttercup stormed in and rammed the Cluster and freed Dexter. Mandark then decided to commit suicide and take the rest with him, so he activated several bombs, and the girls couldn't escape. Suddenly the Megas came in and the girls and Dexter stepped on his hand and left leaving Mandark behind. The lab exploded and Mandark was killed. Meanwhile at the home of Dr. X, Bell discovered Mandark was dead and got angry at her dad by not saving him although he knew. Dr. X responded that this was a battle between Dexter and Mandark and a test for Mandark that he had failed. Samantha was also angry of Buttercup and decided to take revenge. Everyone went to the home of the girls. Blossom was in her room taking care of Dexter who regained consious again. Dexter apologized for involving her into this and that he saw his sister in the lab. He said that she just didn't know what it is like to lose a sister. Blossom reacted that she did and told him that they once had a sister called Bunny but she was to unstable so she died. After that the others interupted the conversation. The last thing that could been seen was Olga walking in the ruins of her brothers lab and found his glasses and walk away.
Somewhere in the space an unconsious Atomic Betty is floating along with a ship's wrecks and Robot X-5's deactivated head. Amazo came to her and saw she was berely alive and read her mind to figure out what happened. He saw that Betty and her crew were approching an unknown ship and infiltrated. She along with Sparky and Robot X-5 went in investigation and figured out the plan of Vexus. Vexus was explaining to Smytus how she wanted to take over planets by the help of the Darkstar Councils and the Irkens. Suddenly she noticed Betty and let her two Toybots and Protoboy attack. First one of the Toybots crunched Sparky and afterwards Robotboy ripped X-5 apart. Betty managed to escape with the head of X-5, that could still talk. She then got in her ship but the other Toybot jumped on it and tried to break it, but Betty went into lightspeed and managed to escape, but her ship was destroyed because of the jump, and Betty was left in space. Back in the present, Amazo got pity of her because she was the only survivor of Vexus' attack. He apologized to her for not being able to help her crew, but said that he could help her. He took her back to Earth, saving her life. Back in Megaville Dexter was fighting a Globmonster. He saw the Powerpuff Girls and commanded them to go to his lab and go back in time to prevent this, but instead Blossom used her ice breath and froze the monster, Buttercup tossed him into the sky and Bubbles kicked him and broke him into tiny pieces of ice, saving Dexter.
After the girls defeated the monster they went back to their school where they continued with their normal doings. Bubbles was on the table with Mandy and Gaz, when suddenly Olga walked by. Mandy told Bubbles that the only thing she did was dancing so Bubbles rushed towards her and asked her if she could join the group and Olga said she could. Bubbles asked Blossom to come with her to the dance rehersal, but she didn't go since she was doing a science project with Dexter. Bubbles then asked it to Buttercup but she was going to Kendo class with Jack. Eventually Blossom did came with Bubbles to the practice. There Mrs. Honeydew and Principal Skarr announched that Helga Pataki wouldn't be teaching because of an accident and that Mrs. Honeydew would replace her. Olga said that the light needed to be fixed by a genius and so Dexter responded and helped her. Blossom meanwhile had a talk with Olga and she revealed her real name was Lalavava Astronominov. At Kendo class Buttercup fought like an insane and Jack gave a note to her that her father must come to him to talk about her. She gave the note to the professor who freaked out. Dexter meanwhile had fixed the problem and Blossom told what the real name of Olga was and Dexter was shocked. Meanwhile Bell was along with GIR in space doing a mission for her dad. She had to make a weird machine disappear that was on Venus. After she did that she saw that she lost the space suits she was wearing and GIR looked for it. Bell wasn't very happy since nobody wanted to go with her, suddenly a boy approuched her thinking she might wanted a friend. The boy talked about GIR and Bell became mad and attacked him. the boy told that his name was Naga, and gave Bell the lost suits. GIR throwed a rock to Naga but it went through him and thus revealed that he was a ghost and Bell headed for home.
Meanwhile Jack and the professor made a decided what to do with Buttercup and decided that Courage should stay with her and keep notes of what she was doing. At home the professor also decided that Buttercup also should do other things than material art. So he first suggested science but that didn't went well, so he suggested cooking and that was ideal. At school Bubbles was again with Mandy and Gaz and Olga joined them. Gaz went away and became angry since her battery was running low. Olga then gave Bubbles information about the dance preformance. That evening at the house of the girls Bubbles asked if everything was good between her and Dexter. Blossom said that Dexter was acting stange after the meeting with Olga. After Blossom explained Bubbles suggested to go to the beach. The next day Bubbles, Blossom, Buttercup, Dexter, Olga, Mandy and Courage went to the beach, and there were some conflicts between Dexter, Blossom and Olga. On school Mandy and Bubbles talked about it and was Mandy told Bubbles that Olga was Mandark's little sister. Suddenly Dib interuppted who was trying to escape from his sister Gaz who wanted batteries. Eventually Jenny came and gave her the batteries. Bubbles was a huge fan of Jenny. Dib also said that she was here with her famous mom Mrs. Wakeman for the science fair and also said that Professor Utonium and Professor Membrane worked with her. At the girls home, Jenny and Nora visited. The professor said to Buttercup that she will be serving snacks along with Jack at the science fair. The next day at the science fair everyone was there. Also Samanth was there who had GIR on her back and dropped him with Sheldon and Tucker. GIR escaped and went into the musical room where the dance preformance was about to begin. GIR jumped onto the stage and Jenny immidiatly took action. She went to GIR but GIR jumped to her head and placed a button on her head. Jenny's pigtails began to form a portal for the Cluster to invade Megaville.
The Darkstar Council and Bell came out of it and started attacking everybody. They first evecuated everybody in the room. During the evacuation Blossom encountered Bell again and they went into battle with each other. Meanwhile Jack killed one of the Darkstar Councils but were shortly after that encountered by Samantha who began to battle with Buttercup. Olga was still in the room and one of the Councils tried to kill here but she was saved by Bubbles. Bell meanwhile got another machine the same from Venus only smaller and jumped into a hole in the room followed by Blossom. The Council aimed for Olga again but that attack was blocked by Monkey. Another Council aimed for Buttercup, Jack, Mrs. Honeydew and Courage but Monkey created a shield that blocked it. Samantha continued battling with Buttercup and Jack and knocked Jack down and got his katana. Mrs. Honeydew and Dexter helped them in battle against Samantha. Samantha fleed to the hole and Buttercup chased her, Dexter evacuated Olga.
Bell was fighting the security and afterwards went in gate with the machine. Blossom appeared after that and saved a securety from a Cluster and followed Bell. Samantha came in next and almost killed the securety but was saved by Buttercup and Samantha followed Bell and Blossom while Buttercup killed the giant Cluster. The security then gave Buttercup his glasses and Buttercup rushed into the hole. Meanwhile at the science fair the Clusterss continued with their attack and blocked the doors so that no one could escape. Professor Utonium and Mrs. Wakeman made a save room and Courage got eveyone into it by using his people whistle. He then attacked the bugs, but got helped by Bubbles. Professor Utonium tried to open a door, but forgot the password. Dexter hacked the system and changed the password so they could open it, but failed and only could change the password so then he got some muscle who was Bubbles. Courage carried Bubbles to the safe room to open the door while Dexter is about to fight a giant robotic monster that the Cluster bugs formed. Bubbles and Courage were struggling to open the door when Courage kicked the door and injured his foot, Bubbles was furious at the door for hurting Courage and ended up kicking it down herself.
Once Bubbles looked inside she saw all the Megaville equipment that the past heroes used including Dynamo. Bubbles told to people to move in when Olga wanted to ask Bubbles something, but Bubbles was too focused on Dexter too even notice. When Bubbles finally notice, Bubbles started using her sonic cream when she answered. Olga wanted Bubbles to get Dexter, but Dexter came to Bubbles and told her that they have a serious problem that they need to take care of. Dexter told Bubbles that he can't slow down the Cluster monster and that they need to close the door now. Bubbles told Dexter that she was struggling to open the door before and is now struggling to close it. Professor actived Dynamo to hold the door close for the Cluster but the bugs drilled through it infecting Dynamo. She was shut down for rebooting while Bubbles tried to hold the door close. While Bubbles and Courage were holding off the Cluster monster, Otto's watch activated and detected tachyons which meant that the bomb that Bell was carrying has been detonated and has brought attention towards Dexter that Blossom may be in trouble. Suddenly, an explosion from a distance could be heard and the Cluster monster ran away. It was shown in Dexter's glasses that the explosion was growing stronger as it reaches the safe room. As it was too late to evacuate the area, most of the people panicked while Nora Wakeman, Bubbles, Courage and Dexter stayed in tears. The explosion finally reaches the room and everyone is sucked into the light. As the light goes towards Olga and Dexter, Dexter kisses Olga a goodbye. Professor Utonium mourns for his daughters while Professor Membrane comforts him and Mrs. Wakeman mourns for Jenny. Bubbles apoligizes to Courage for not being able to save him but Courage thanks her for giving him a family. Meanwhile the explosion reach Dr.X and Zim, Zim asks whether they'll die and Dr.X reponds that even he doesn't know. Above the city Monkey and Montray are stuck in a stalemate until they notice the bomb's explosion. Montray then taunts Monkey about his failure of not being able to save anyone which he angers him. Monkey then rips the body of Montray apart where Montray responds to that he is already too late. The light approaches, Monkey takes off his mask and a tear slides over his cheek.
The chapter continues from the point where Buttercup receives her glasses and heads into the hole to chase Samantha, Blossom and Bell. As Blossom was heading down Samantha said her to stop. Samantha did get trouble in her systems because of all the fiber-optic information. Blossom however didn't care and continued, much to Samantha's annoyance. Samantha chased her and almost grabbed Blossom until Buttercup interrupted and threw Samantha away. Buttercup said Blossom to continue while she fought Samantha.
Bell landed on the platform leading to the core, and opened it. She and GIR landed in the core, as Blossom was heading their way. Meanwhile Buttercup was beating up Samantha by unleashing a barrage of attacks on her, all while mocking her in the process. Blossom landed in the core and tried to negotiate with Bell to hand over the bomb to prevent fighting. Bell pestered her about it and then shot her with the Noisy Cricket, stolen from the Men in Black earlier. Blossom dodged the blasts and threw Dexter's protractors at her, knocking the Noisy Cricket out of her hand. Blossom wanted to grab the bomb out of GIR's hands, but instead Bell grabbed Blossom and slammed her against the ground. As GIR was heading towards the core to put the bomb in, Blossom noted that maybe she wasn't stronger than Bell but was smarter than her. She charged up her laser, and Bell quickly noticed she wanted to shoot at GIR. Bell rushed at Blossom and attacked her, but all of them got blocked by Blossom, until she held Bell to the ground so she could fire her laser. She shot the laser from her eyes and hit the communication cable of the machine, cutting all the electricity in the facility. But the back-up power went up afterwards. A shocked Bell immediately rushed towards GIR to hug him. She then did off her hairband and attached it to GIR, who then turned into a real SIR unit.
Buttercup landed another hit on Samantha and had the upper hand. But then Samantha sucker punched her with a rocket hand. Buttercup immediately punched her against her jaw afterwards. Bell at the same time charged up a powerful beam and fired it at Blossom. GIR however jumped in front of it, with a disco ball on his head. The beam hit the disco ball and split the beam into balls of energy, all heading towards Blossom. She quickly reflected them with her hands, burning them in the process. Samantha throws chains with balls towards Buttercup which wrap itself around her legs. She then grabbed Buttercup's limbs with chains and charged her blaster at her. But right on that moment an energy ball went between the girls, and destroyed the blaster, and chains, of Samantha. Buttercup noted that would sting, but not as hard as the backflip she did, causing the balls on the chain to hit Samantha and KO her.
Buttercup headed down to Blossom, where she saw her lying on the ground and Bell just wanted to give her a powerful kick. However Buttercup blocked it and took the hit against the left side of her head, making it bleed. Bell wanted to give a slash afterwards but Buttercup already punched her far away. Buttercup put back the bow of Blossom on her head, although not in the right way, and ripped a piece of her pants off to lessen the pain of the burned hands. In return Blossom ripped a piece of her shirt off to make the wound she received earlier from bleeding, all while having a caring sister moment. GIR helped Bell back up and Samantha came down as well. Blossom told they had won, but it was implied by their opponents that the bomb still could be triggered. Blossom and Buttercup decided to switch opponents.
Blossom fought Samantha while Buttercup fought Bell, who got support from GIR. Buttercup did a final atomic buster on Bell while Blossom delivered a powerful kick against Sam's stomach. GIR then launched some smoke bombs at Buttercup to disable her movements while Bell was unconscious.
However some outsiders were watching the fight, Dee Dee, Naga and Grim to be exact. Dee Dee and Naga brought Grim because "she" was going to make a mistake and he has to help because it might put him out of his job. Grim accepted, although still not sure about it.
Samantha noticed that Buttercup was defenseless and headed into the cloud of smoke followed by Blossom. In the end she managed to grab Blossom and held the katana against her throat. She mocked Buttercup that she was going to kill Blossom, and then slit her throat. But because Jack's sword only can cut evil, nothing happened. Buttercup quickly rushed at Samantha, followed by Bell. And bashed against her, while Bell jumped over her, missing to catch Buttercup. Buttercup continued by rapidly punching Samantha in the face, rip off the tentacles and throw her away. Buttercup then hugged Blossom, that lasted until Blossom didn't know what to do. She saw two things in mind but didn't know what decision to make. Meanwhile Samantha was talking to GIR if he could be used to trigger the bomb, which GIR confirmed. Bell noticed this and threw the katana at Samantha. Blossom and Buttercup quickly parted making the katana impale Samantha which caused her to fall back into the electricity, which fried her circuits and triggered the bomb. Blossom and Buttercup wanted to get away but Bell told the blast was going to engulf the whole world. Then suddenly Naga appeared to Bell and GIR, Dee Dee, with the katana, to Blossom and Buttercup and Grim to Samantha after he reaped her soul, and they all asked to follow them.
- There also has been an animated series Powerpuff Girls Z with very similar character designs of PowerPuff Girls Doujinshi, released in 2006 in Japan after PowerPuff Girls Doujinshi.
- This was referenced in a April Fools page of PowerPuff Girls Doujinshi in which Blossom and Bell took on appearances resembling the art style.
- Megaville appeared in Grim Tales. It was mentioned by Grim in the "What about Mimi" comic page, while being in Mimi's memory, that they were in Megaville, the city that Powerpuff Girls Doujinshi takes place in. It has been confirmed by BeeAre that this series and Powerpuff Girls Doujinshi take place in an alternate universe.
- There are also a cameo characters from Ed, Edd n' Eddy, Chowder, The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack and others.
- There has been fan speculation that Dr. Brisbaine is an alter ego of Dr. X, is his missing twin brother or that he is Dr. X himself.
- The character Samantha from Medabots uses a new machine resembling a hybrid between her usual Peppercat and the mascot of a Filipino restaurant chain, Jollibee, a mascot for a Filipino fastfood chain of the same name. The Jollibee mascot is basically a giant bee in an orange tuxedo, with chefs hat and gloves.
- Most characters are from Cartoon Network and Nickelodeon combined and crossovered.
- Mojo Jojo once made references to the Justice League, Men in Black and Teen Titans and possibly the Avengers.
- Cartoon Network has an anime style MMORPG called Cartoon Network Universe: Fusionfall a crossover and multiplayer online game using nanos.
- The game was inspired by The Powerpuff Girls' Doujinshi, and Cartoon Network even asked Bleedman if he could help with the game.
- It has been speculated by the art on Bleedman's Devianart account that there will be other characters and cameos in future strips. Character art showed that the cast of Codename: Kids Next Door, Supercow from Cow & Chicken, the America version of Godzilla Mechagodzilla aka kiryu or GINO, what seems to be a modernized Atom Ant, Mac and other various characters from Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends; and the titular characters of The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, Danny Phantom, and Dora the Explorer might make an appearance.
- The first characters that appeared in the comic, except for Courage and Gir, are from cartoons that involved Genndy Tartakovsky.